Our clinic offers a wide range of gynaecological services and we look forward to discussing any of your concerns in a patient, straight-forward and professional manner.
GYNAECOLOGICAL EXAMINATIONS / CANCER SCREENING
- Discussion of symptoms, previous illnesses, medical history.
- Examination of external genital organs – vulva (labia majora, labia minora, vaginal opening, clitoris, mons pubis), perineum, and anus.
- After examining the vaginal wall, and the vaginal part of the uterus (portio vaginalis uteri), and after examining the cervix, the physician takes a sample for testing. The sample is taken partly from the external surface of the cervix, partly from the cervix.
- Bimanual examination (using two hands), supplementary vaginal ultrasound.
It is important to discuss the different possibilities regarding birth control and gather information. There are several aspects one can take into account when choosing a suitable birth control method. By asking the appropriate questions, we get closer to the solution. How effective is the method? What is my body weight? How much does the contraceptive cost? What are its effects on menstruation?
- Birth control pills
- Hormonal intrauterine contraceptive device (IUD)
- Copper contraceptive coil
- Contraceptive Injection
Before you want to bring a child into the world, it is worthwhile to look into genetic risks (in particular if you had a genetic disease previously), as well as to check your state of health. Of course, in addition to preparing your body for pregnancy, it is also important to ensure psychological balance – both for the mother and father. Furthermore, we discuss recommended prenatal vitamins and other preparatory tasks before conception.
When planning to become pregnant, it is also conducive to check if the mother-to-be had childhood diseases such as rubella, chicken pox or contagious tonsilitis. If not, it should be checked if she is protected through vaccination. If necessary, we advise to repeat the vaccination(s), because viral diseases during pregnancy can harm the fetus.
- HPV (Human papillomavirus infection)
- Meningococcal disease
- Tick-borne encephalitis
In order to understand menstrual disorders, it has to be clarified what the term ‘regular menstruation’ means. The first menstrual bleeding is connected to the ovaries starting to ovulate and to produce hormones. In the beginning, it can happen that the monthly bleeding is irregular, occurring every 4-6 weeks. However, between one and one and a half years after the first menstruation, a cycle that is not shorter than 22, and not longer than 34 days is considered normal.
In case you already had your menstruation, but it did not happen again during three consecutive months and the pregnancy test is negative (and also if it is positive!), you are advised to consult a gynaecologist. Menstrual blood consists of blood, vaginal secretions, and the endometrial cells of the uterine wall. Blood loss amounts to 30-50 ml on average. A blood loss above 80 ml will be considered a menstrual disorder.
Menstrual disorders can mean that the bleeding lasts longer or bleedings occur more often than normal, or that the kind or quantity of the bleeding changes.
DIFFERENT TYPES OF VAGINAL DISCHARGE
Inflammation of the vaginal mucus membrane: Inflammation of the external genital organs, alone or in combination with an inflammation of the vagina can lead to vaginal discharge (white discharge, brown discharge, etc.). The underlying causes can be medication therapy, irritable materials or objects, infectious tumours or other pelvic masses, radiotherapy and hormonal changes.
Fibroids are benign tumours that are made of smooth muscle cells and fibrous connective tissue that develop in the uterus and are the most frequent benign tumours of the female reproductive system. This type of tumour typically affects women between the age of 35 and 45, but it can also occur at a younger or older age.
- We recommend a surgery in the following 3 cases:
- If the fibroid is causing infertility
- If the patient is having negative symptoms caused by the fibroid
- If the fibroid starts to grow rapidly.
With the help of screening tests, the number of new tumours can significantly be reduced. It is definitely advised to do a cervical cancer and breast cancer screening at least once a year. Breast self-exams also bear a huge opportunity. They can shed light even on tiny abnormalities during monthly self-checks, so that a doctor can be consulted at an early stage.
Most frequent cancer types:
- Breast cancer
- Cervical cancer
- Uterine cancer
- Ovarian cancer
A protocol based upon an established standard can quickly and efficiently reveal the reason(s) for infertility and helps to achieve the best result possible within the least amount of time.
(You can find more on our infertility treatment programme by clicking here)
Menopause can be physically and emotionally straining, as the hormonal changes can cause a series of symptoms that render everyday life more difficult. Our field of specialisation includes the examination of the critical period around the menopause and the treatment of symptoms if necessary.